Mary Evans Man in the Iron Mask, playing the cello in prison 10007281
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Picture No 10007281
Date late 17th century
Description Man in the Iron Mask, playing the cello in prison
Details

There are conflicting theories as to who this man was. One is that he was Count Ercole Antonio Mattioli (Matthioli or Marchioly, 1640-1703), an Italian diplomat, arrested as Eustache Dauger in 1669, imprisoned by Louis XIV for 34 years, who died in the Bastille. Another theory, according to Voltaire, is that he was the older, illegitimate brother of Louis XIV -- this later formed part of Alexandre Dumas' Three Musketeers saga, in which the man is Louis' twin brother.
Source Unnamed artist in Hopkins, 'The Man in the Iron Mask'
Credit Mary Evans Picture Library
Restrictions
Mary Evans Picture No 10007281 - There are conflicting theories as to who this man was. One is that he was Count Ercole Antonio Mattioli (Matthioli or Marchioly, 1640-1703), an Italian diplomat, arrested as Eustache Dauger in 1669, imprisoned by Louis XIV for 34 years, who died in the Bastille. Another theory, according to Voltaire, is that he was the older, illegitimate brother of Louis XIV -- this later formed part of Alexandre Dumas' Three Musketeers saga, in which the man is Louis' twin brother.

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